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Import regime

Norge, Sverige og Danmark, detaljert flyfoto, grønt hav og blå himmel med skyer_436x174 (Copyright: Bruksrett Landbruksdirektoratet)

The Norwegian Agriculture Agency administers the import regime for agricultural products. The overall goal is to facilitate import of agricultural products as a supplement to Norwegian production. The import regime serves to support a viable market flow of domestic production, while ensuring that all international obligations are fulfilled.

The administration of tariff reductions is an important tool for achieving these goals. Tariff reductions are implemented in accordance with international trade agreements, in situations or periods where import is needed (general tariff reductions) or through individual application (individual tariff reductions). In addition to the administrative reductions in tariffs, products can be imported with reduced or no tariff through import quotas, most of which are distributed through yearly auctions.

The tariffs on agricultural products tend to vary in correspondence with the commitment for protecting domestic agricultural products. Hence, the highest tariff rates tend to be on domestic agricultural products, for example meat and cheese. On the other hand, there are usually no custom duties on agricultural products that are not produced in Norway, for example coffee or bananas.  Processed agricultural products (PAPs) such as chocolate, biscuits, pizza and sauces have low to medium tariff rates.

  • International agreements

    A number of international agreements set the framework for the administration of the import regime. Among other things, these agreements decide which tariffs Norway can use for various goods, and which tariff rates goods shall have based on country of origin. The major framework is given through Norway’s membership in the World Trade Organization, which regulates international trade between the member countries.

    Other agreements
    Trade is also regulated through bilateral agreements that Norway has signed with its trading partners, either directly or through its membership in the European Free Trade Association. The most important of these is the European Economic Area agreement between Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein and the European Union. Norway also has several national schemes designed to increase trade, such as the GSP (Generalized System of Preference), which facilitates trade with developing countries. All international trade agreements are listed on our Norwegian website.

  • The Norwegian Customs Tariff

    The Customs Tariff is released annually by the Norwegian Customs. This is a tariff nomenclature for classification of commodities. All goods are identified with an 8-digit code, and this code determines the duty rate for a particular product. The Norwegian Customs Tariff is based on the Harmonized System Nomenclature, which is administered by the World Customs Organization.

    If you are planning to import goods to Norway, you are responsible for declaring the product under the correct commodity code. To identify the correct commodity code for your product, you should follow the rules and guidelines of the Norwegian Customs.

    We recommend applying for a binding tariff information (BTI) from your customs region if you are unsure about the correct commodity code. You may also use the Norwegian Customs database of previous BTI decisions, TASS, as guidance to find the correct commodity code for your product.

  • What is an agricultural product?

    The World Trade Organization (WTO) defines agricultural products as all goods listed in chapters 1 to 24 in the Norwegian Customs Tariff, with the exception of fish and some minor additions after chapter 24.

    We often divide agricultural products into basic agricultural products and processed agricultural products (PAPs). Protocol 3 of the European Economic Area agreement defines what products classify as PAPs.

  • Where can I find more information about import and export?

    On the website of the Norwegian Customs you can find an import guide for beginners and an export guide for beginners.